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Ancient Greek and Roman Myths Notes

The Trojan War


Three goddesses, Athena, Hera and Aphrodite quarreled over a golden apple with a sign that it should belong to the most beautiful among them. No one wanted to take a task of choosing between three goddesses. Zeus therefore sent them off to Paris, son of Priam, king of Troy. Paris decided in favor of Aphrodite, who had promised him the most beautiful mortal woman, Helen, the wife of Menelaus. The Greek playwright Aeschylus called Helen 'destroyer of ships, destroyer of men, destroyer of cities'. The result of Paris' decision was the Trojan War.
See: Lucas Cranach the Elder Judgment of Paris.
Jacques-Louis David. The Love of Paris and Helen.
Angelica Kauffman. Venus Persuades Helen to Fall in Love with Paris.
Dante Gabriel Rossetti Helen of Troy.
Peter Paul Rubens The Judgment of Paris.
Jean-Antoine Watteau. The Judgement of Paris.

Priam was the king of Troy, famous because of the Trojan war. He was married twice. His second wife was Hecuba. He had many children, the most famous among them are: Paris, Hector, Cassandra, Ganymede.
Hector the son of Priam and Hecuba. Although Priam was king of Troy, Hector held the real power. He was much loved by Trojans, who acknowledged him as the principal defender of the city. He was married to Andromache and had a little son by her. He was killed in the combat with Achilles.
See: Giorgio de Chirico. Hector and Andromache.
Jacques-Louis David. Andromache Mourning Hector.
Alexander Ivanov Priam Asking Achilles to Return Hector’s Body.
Angelica Kauffman. Hector Calls Paris to the Battle.
 

Ancient Greek and Roman Myths Index

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