1635. Oil on canvas. Windsor Castle, Royal Collection, UK. Read Note.
George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham (1627-1687) son of the 1st Duke of Buckingham, favorite of James I and Charles I. After the assassination of his father he, his brother Lord Francis Villiers and sister Lady Mary Villiers were brought up with the children of Charles I. At the outbreak of the Civil War (1642-1646) he joined the royalists and served under Prince Rupert. In 1648 he joined the rising by Lord Holland in Surrey and barely escaped with his life, although his younger brother Lord Francis Villiers was killed. He went with Charles II to Scotland, and after the battle of Worcester went into exile. At the Restoration he became a privy councilor and for the next 25 years was notorious for his debauchery and wit. In 1674 he was dismissed from the government and lost the influence to another favorite. He was an author of several comedies