c.1536-1538. Oil on canvas. Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence, Italy. Read Note.
Francesco Maria della Rovere, Duke of Urbino (1490-1538) succeeded his uncle Guidobaldo da Montefeltre as a ruler of Urbino. Though at first protected by his uncle Pope Julius II (Giuliano della Rovere), he lost power under the Medici Pope Leo X, but was able to regain his territories after his death. He was one of the Italy's most important military leaders and frequently served the Republic of Venice