1860. Oil on canvas. The Museum of the Academy of Arts, St. Petersburg, Russia. Read Note.
Patriarch Germogen Refuses to Sign the Deed. An episode from Russian history of 1612, when a big part of Russia, including Moscow, was captured by Poland. Kozma Minin and Prince Dimitry Pozharsky gathered militia to liberate the country. As, at the moment, there was no secular ruler in Russia, the leader of the Russian Orthodox Church Patriarch Germogen was looked upon as an authority. The Poles had imprisoned him, but when they found about about the army of militia coming to Moscow asked him to sign an order to dismiss militia. Germogen refused and was executed. Later he was canonized by the Russian Orthodox Church