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Christian Saints

St. Joachim

The Protoevangelium of James names St. Joachim the husband of St. Anne and the father of Virgin Mary. He was a rich man in Jerusalem. After twenty years of marriage, they were still childless. Once when Joachim came to the Temple on a feast day to make an offering, he was turned away by the high priest for being childless. Much ashamed Joachim did not return home, instead he spent the night with his shepherds in the desert, where an angel appeared to him and foretold that Anne would give birth to a daughter, who should be called Mary. The girl, in her turn, would become the mother of Jesus, 'Son of the Most High.' As proof Joachim was to meet his wife at the Golden Gate of Jerusalem. The angel then appeared to Anne with a similar message.
Feast day: July 26 (with St. Anne)

See: Lucas Cranach the Elder The Appearance of an Angel before Joachim.
Domenico Ghirlandaio Expulsion of Joachim from the Temple.
Giotto Meeting at the Golden Gate, Joachim's Dream, Joachim Taking Refuge among the Shepherds. Rejection of Joachim's Sacrifice. The Sacrifice of Joachim.
Benozzo Gozzoli. Tabernacle of the Visitation: Expultion of Joachim from the Temple. Tabernacle of the Visitation: Annunciation to Joachim. Tabernacle of the Visitation: Meeting at the Golden Gate.
Jean Hey, Master of Moulin. Meeting at the Golden Gate.
Konrad Witz Meeting of Joahim and Anna by the Golden Gates.

Recommended reading:
The Book of Saints: The Lives of the Saints According to the Liturgical Calendar by George Angelini, Victor Hoagland (Editor). Regina Press, Malhame & Company, 1986.
365 Saints: Your Daily Guide to the Wisdom and Wonder of Their Lives by Woodeene Koenig-Brick (Author). Harper SanFrancisco, 1995.
The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (Oxford Paperback Reference) by David Hugh Farmer. Oxford University Press, 2003.

Christian Saints Index

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