Andrew, apostle and martyr, older brother of St. Peter, and like him,
a fisherman by profession; he was the disciple of John the Baptist and
the very first disciple of Christ. The Greek Orthodox Church gives him
a role similar to that his brother St. Peter has in the Catholic Church.
St. Andrew preached and evangelized Asia Minor and the "land of Scythians"
present-day Southern Russia, which is why his cult is very important in
Russia. He is patron saint of the country.
In some western regions, he is equally important: he is the patron saint of Scotland, numerous churches are dedicated to him there, and also the patron saint of the house of the Dukes of Burgundy.
In paintings St. Andrew is often depicted with a fishing net, or, more often, with the saltire cross (a cross in the shape of an X, also called St. Andrew's cross), it was believed that St. Andrew was crucified on a cross of such shape. And ,vice versa, the saltire cross is often used to represent St. Andrew, e.g. on the National flag of Great Britain , it represents Scotland; the blue saltire cross on a white background - St. Andrew's flag - is the flag of Russia's navy.
Feast day: November 30.
See: Agnolo Bronzino. St. Andrew.
Jan Brueghel the Elder.Landscape on the Coast, with the Calling of St. Peter and St. Andrew.
Caravaggio The Crucifixion of St. Andrew.
El Greco Apostle St. Andrew.St. Andrew and St. Francis
Georges de La Tour. St. Andrew.
Jusepe de Ribera. The Martyrdom of St. Andrew.
Francisco de Zurbarán Apostle Andrew.
The Golden Legend by Jacobus De Voragine, William Granger Ryan (Translator). Princeton Univ Pr, 1995.
The Acts of Andrew in the Country of the Cannibals: Translations from the Greek, Latin & Old English by Robert Boenig (Translator). Garland Pub, 1991.
Why Was Andrew Surprised by Pauline Youd, Elaine Garvin (Illustrator); for young children. Daughters of St Paul, 2002.
The Book of Saints: The Lives of the Saints According to the Liturgical Calendar by George Angelini, Victor Hoagland (Editor). Regina Press, 1986.
The Treasury of Saints and Martyrs by Margaret Mulvihill, David Hugh Farmer, E. Law (Editor). Viking Childrens Books, 1999.