The Temptation of Jesus or Jesus in the Wilderness: As the apostles testify (Mark 1:12; Matthew 4:1-8; Luke 4:1-13) after Jesus was baptized the Spirit led him into the wilderness, to be tempted by the Devil.
After a forty days fast the Devil approached him and said, ‘If you are the Son of God, tell these stones to become bread’. And Jesus answered, ‘Man is not to live on bread alone, but on every word that comes from the mouth of God’.
The Devil then took Jesus to Jerusalem on the Temple and said, ‘If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down’ and angels will rescue you. And Jesus answered, that ‘you are not to put the Lord your God to the test’.
The Devil then took Jesus on the highest mountain and showed him all the kingdoms of the world and said that he would give them to Jesus if only he agreed to do homage to the Devil. And Jesus said, ‘Out of my sight, Satan!’
Then the Devil left him.
See: Alessandro Botticelli. The Temptation of Christ.
Duccio di Buoninsegna. Maestà.The Temptation of Christ on the Mountain, Maestà: Temptation on a Pinnacle of the Temple.
Fra Angelico. Temptation of Christ.
Christ is being tempted on three occasions by the Devil, who is disguised in a monk's habit. After 40 days of fasting, Christ is being challenged by him to turn stones into bread, an in the center he is being told to throw himself from the towers of the temple so that his angels can catch him. Finally, the Devil shows Christ all the riches of the world, which he will deliver up to him if he will worship him. Afterwards, Satan is unmasked.
Ivan Kramskoy. Christ in the Desert.