Jesus and a Samaritan Woman is an episode described by St. John (John 4:1-30). While traveling through Samaria to Galilee, Jesus found himself near the city of Sychar at Jacob’s well. Jesus rested by the well, while the disciples went to the city to buy some food. Meanwhile a woman came up to the well. Jesus asked her to give him some water. The woman was astonished that a Jew addressed her, a Samaritan woman, as Jews never shared drinking vessels with Samaritans. ‘If only you knew what God gives, and who it is that is asking you for a drink, you would have asked him and would have given you living water’, Jesus said to her. The woman observed that he had no bucket to take water from the well, and he answered that everyone who drank water from the well became thirsty again, while he could give water after which a person never became thirsty. “The water that I shall give will be a spring of water within him, welling up and bringing eternal life’. The woman believed and said, ‘I know that the Messiah is coming. When he comes he will make everything clear to us (4:25). And Jesus said to her, 'I am he, I who am speaking to you’ (4:26). “At the moment disciples returned, the woman left her water-jar and went to the town, where she said to the people ‘Come and see a man who has told me everything I ever did. Could this be the Messiah?’ They left the town and made their way towards him.”
See: Duccio di Buoninsegna.Maestà: Jesus and the Samaritan Woman.
Henryk Siemiradzki. Christ and the Samaritan Woman.