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New Testament Notes
Last Supper, the last meal Christ took with his 12 disciples, is
described in all four Gospels (Matthew 26:17-29; Mark 14:12-25; Luke 22:7-23;
John 13:1-30). Knowing his hour had come and that he must leave this world,
Jesus ordered the Passover supper be organized in the house of a certain
man. (Passover is the Jewish festival celebrating Exodus from the Egyptian
Before the supper Christ “rose from the table, took
off his outer garment and, taking a towel, tied it round him. Then he poured
water into a basin, and began to wash his disciples’ feet and to wipe them
with a towel.
When he came to Simon Peter, Peter protested that the Lord must not
wash the feet of his disciples and that he will never let Jesus wash his
feet. Jesus replied, 'You do not understand now what I am doing, but one
day you will.' 'If I do not wash you you have no part with me.' (John 13:
6-8). After washing their feet Jesus put on his garment and sat down again.
See: Duccio di Buoninsegna. Maestà:
Washing of Feet.
Giotto. Washing of
Jacopo Robusti, called Tintoretto. Washing
of the Feet.
During the supper Jesus said that one of his disciples would betray him,
but ‘it would be better for that man if he had never been born’ (Matthew
26:24). Then Judas spoke, the one who was to betray him: ‘Rabbi, surely
you do not mean me?’ Jesus replied, ‘You have said it.’ (Matthew 26:25).
During supper Jesus took bread, broke it ,
and gave to his disciples with the words: ‘Take this and eat; this is my
body.’ (Matthew 26:26). Then he took a cup with wine and offered it to
the disciples: 'Drink from it, all of you. For this is my blood, the blood
of the covenant, shed for many for the forgiveness of sins. I tell you,
never again shall I drink from this fruit of the vine until that day when
I drink it new with you in the kingdom of my Father.' (Matthew 26:27- 29).
After singing the Passover hymn, they went out to
the mount of Olives.
See: Dieric Bouts the Elder Last
Andrea del Castagno. The
Salvador Dalí. The
Sacrament of the Last Supper.
Duccio di Buoninsegna. Maestà:
Nikolay Gay The Last Supper.
Domenico Ghirlandaio Last
Leonardo da Vinci The
Pietro Lorenzetti. The
Nicolas Poussin. The
Peter Paul Rubens The Last
Jacopo Robusti, called Tintoretto. The
Last Supper. Last Supper.