Job is the central character of The Book of Job, he was one of the three most righteous mortals who ever lived, the others being Noah and Daniel. In heaven God pointed out Job as "a blameless and upright man, who fears God and turns away from evil" (Job 1:8). Satan opposed God, considering that healthy and wealthy Job was only grateful for God's kindness towards him and provoked God to try Job's faith. God deprived Job of everything: family, health, and his wealth. Job sat in an ash heap, scraping his painful open sores. Job's wife proposed that he "curse God, and die", but he refused. (Job 2:9-10). Then his three friends, Eliphaz, Bildad, and Zophar, sat in silence with him for seven days and nights; they thought that Job should not protest his innocence but rather confess his sins, for they sincerely believe that there must be some wrong doing on his part behind his tragedy. Job defended his innocence against the criticism of the friends and asked God to judge him. God appeared and criticized Job for pretending in the course of his protestations to know things only God could know. Job repented of his arrogance, and God rewarded him with a new family, health and wealth.
See: Albrecht Durer Job Castigated by His Wife.
Georges de La Tour. Job and his Wife.
Ilya Repin Job and his Friends.