1630-1632. Oil on panel. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria. Read Note.
Isabella Clara Eugenia (1566-1633), daughter of King Philip II and his third wife, Elizabeth Valois, married Archduke of Austria Albert VII (1598-1621). Jointly they ruled the Spanish Netherlands. Their attempts, both diplomatic and military, to reunite the country met with failure. After Albert's death (1621), sovereignty of the Spanish Netherlands reverted to Spain, and Isabella ruled as governor of the country for her nephew, King Philip IV of Spain, until her death.
See: Peter Paul Rubens. The St. Ildefonso Altar (right wing). Archduchess Isabella.