June 1, 2001
Dear Friends of Art,
We have changed the content
of our biweekly newsletter. Now we shall not only inform you about recent
additions to our gallery but also send you a featured article on various
subjects in Art History. We would be glad to know your opinion about our
updated newsletter. You may subscribe to our mailing list by clicking here.
like to introduce you to some French paintings from the end of the XIX
- beginning of the XX centuries. Until the late 1990s, these paintings
had never been exhibited to the public and were known only through old
catalogues and photos. The works were originally kept in private collections
in Germany; but during the Second World War, they were hidden to prevent
their destruction. After the fall of Germany, many items of art were moved
to the USSR, though, during the following years, most of them were returned
to East Germany. However, the paintings belonging to West Germany and private
citizens, who left to the West, were kept on the territory of the USSR.
There were many reasons for this. The USSR couldn’t hand the paintings
over directly to West Germany because of the ideology of that time and
East Germany wouldn’t accept the paintings for legal reasons. To add to
that, Russians couldn’t forgive the Nazi Germans the destruction of such
treasures of Russian culture as the frescoes of Novgorod and the palaces
around St. Petersburg including the famous Amber Chamber which was never
recovered. And so, the paintings from the private collections of West Germany
were kept in the Hermitage, with a strict taboo on exhibition, picking
Nothing lasts forever, and so the USSR fell apart and the government changed.
In this boiling maelstrom of reforms, the exhibition ban on the paintings
was lost, and they were finally shown to the general public. Their fate
is yet to be decided. Will they stay in Russia? Or will they be moved to
Germany? Leave that for the diplomats, the courts, the juries and the judges.
We should just enjoy the beauty of these paintings, by such famous artists
as Manet, Degas,
Gogh, Picasso, Matisse and others.
Pierre-Auguste Renoir. The Ebbing Tide at Yport.
In the summer of 1883, Renoir worked on the coast of Normandy. The artist
came to stay in the household of Alfred Nunès, Camille Pissaro’s
cousin and the mayor of Yport. Nunès commissioned a pair of large-scale
portraits of his children, Aline and Robert . The portrait of Robert, also
called Young Boy on the Beach
of Yport, depicts Nunès the Younger walking along the
shore. The landscape in the background makes up a large part of the picture.
Ebbing Tide at Yport is a pure landscape painting, done in
the Romantic style, so uncharacteristic of Renoir. No other paintings of
Yport by Renoir are known. The artist complained in one letter that this
was because he had no time to work; the Nunèses were so hospitable
that had receptions almost every day so Renoir was obliged to stay with
There are fourteen paintings by Renoir recovered from the Hermitage storage
places which we have introduce.
Claude Monet. Garden in Bordighera. Morning.
Monet spent the winter of 1884 in Bordighera, situated on the Italian Riviera,
not far from the French border. His stay at Bordighera was exceptionally
productive: it contributed around fifty landscape paintings, among the
others were Bordighera
(now in The Art Institute of Chicago) and Lemon
Trees. Bordighera (now in Carlsberg Glyptothek, Copenhagen,
Denmark). The sojourn was also much longer than the artist had expected.
“You would like to know if I like Bordighera? Yes, and I like it more and
more every day.” Monet wrote to Durand-Ruel on the 9th of February 1884.
The painting Garden in Bordighera.
Morning is one of the best of Monet’s paintings of the period.
You will find six paintings by Monet from private German collections.
Edouard Manet. Mlle Isabelle Lemonier.
Isabelle Lemonier was one of Manet’s favorite models. She is depicted in
more paintings than any other of his models except Berthe
Morissot. There are numerous paintings of her in pastel, several in
watercolor and six in oil. This portrait is one of the two biggest. Isabelle
was the daughter of a rich jeweler and the younger sister of Mme Charpentier,
whose salon was an important center for art and literature lovers in Paris.
You can find the portraits of the Charpentiers by Renoir in Renoir’s section.
Edgar Degas. Place de la Concorde.
The painting Place de la Concorde
(Vicomte Lepic with his Daughters) from the collection of Oscar
Gerstenberg, Berlin, until 1995 was presumed destroyed in the Second World
War, until it was at last exhibited to the general public in the Hermitage
Vicomte Ludovic-Napoléon Lepic (1839-1889) was the son
of one of the Emperor’s adjutants. He chose an artistic career for himself.
Successively a pupil of Cabanel, Wappers and Verlat, he studied at Gleyre’s
studio with Bazille and Monet,
whom he befriended. He was also a close acquaintance of Degas, and he often
went riding with the painter's brothers. Accompanied by Degas he went to
the opera and they frequented horse races; in the painting Gentlemen’s
Race Before the Start, Lepic is depicted as one of the amateur
jockeys. Lepic worked in Paris, in Berck and at the seaside. Degas persuaded
him to exhibit at the 1st Impressionist exhibition in 1874, where Lepic
showed 4 watercolors. At the 2nd Impressionist Exhibition at Durand-Ruel’s
Gallery in 1876, Lepic demonstrated 36 of his landscapes. Through his private
income and influence he supported his fellow painters, but nevertheless
attempted to exclude Cézanne from group exhibitions. After being
banned by the Impressionists from exhibiting at the same time in the Salon,
Lepic refused to take part in any of their exhibitions. He achieved surprising
effects through new graphic techniques. In 1872, Lepic founded the Musée
d’Aix-les-Bains and became its first curator. In 1879, he had an individual
exhibition at the Gallery “La vie moderne”. Lepic traveled to Egypt and
Pompeii, where he took part in excavations. In 1883, he exhibited at the
Musée des Arts décoratifs. Viscount Lepic was accepted into
the Legion of Honour. Unfortunately his works are completely forgotten.
New addition: Constantin Korovin
The section of Constantin Korovin
has been added. Constantin Korovin is the first Russian Impressionist painter
who created the Russian version of this International school. The more
one studies Russian culture of the XIX and XX centuries, the more significant
Korovin’s contribution seems: he took part in many innovative initiatives
of his time, renewed the painterly idiom and was among the first to introduce
Impressionism into the theatre and decorative art.
In the next newsletters....
More hidden treasures from the Hermitage: Gauguin, Van Gogh, Picasso,
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History of some private collections.