1797. Oil on canvas. The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia. Read Note.
Novikov, Nikolay Ivanovich (1744-1818) - Russian author and publisher. He published satirical magazines, where he criticized the serfdom of Russian peasants. He also opened schools, libraries and printing shops in the cities of Russia to help with the education of Russia's lower classes. For his criticism of the existing regime he was imprisoned by Catherine II in the Schlisselburg Fortress in 1792-1796