Olga's Gallery

Ivan Kramskoy

Portrait of the Empress Maria Feodorovna.

1882. Oil on canvas. The Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia. Read Note.

Ivan Kramskoy. Portrait of the Empress Maria Feodorovna.

Empress Maria Fedorovna (1847-1928), wife of the Russian Emperor Alexander III, married him October 28, 1866. Daughter of the Danish King Christian IX, before adopting Russian Orthodox Christianity had the name of Maria-Sophia-Frederica-Dagmara. She was the bride of the Crown Prince Nicholas, the elder brother of Alexander; but after Nicholas’ premature death in 1866, she was married to the next brother Alexander, future Alexander III. Gave birth to 6 children. Maria Fedorovna was strongly against the marriage of her son, Nicholas, the Crown Prince, to the German princess Alix of Hesse (Alexandra Fedorovna). At last she had to give her consent to the marriage, but she never was on good terms with her daughter-in-law, who quarreled practically with all the members of the tsar's family and ruled her husband and Russia with dim-witted self-confidence.

After the February revolution of 1917 and Nicholas II's abdication Maria Feodorovna left for Crimea. In April 1919, her sister, the English Queen Alexandra, mother of George V, sent the cruiser Marlboro, which took Maria Fedorovna and some other members of the imperial family to London. Maria Fedorovna settled in Copenhagen, where she died in 1928.