1793. Oil on canvas, 195 x 126 cm. Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain. Read Note.
Don José Alvarez de Toledo y Gonzaga, the Duke of Alba (? -1796), husband of Maria del Pilar Teresa Cayetana de Silva y Alvarez de Toledo, better known as the Duchess of Alba (1762-1802). She was ‘outstanding for her beauty, popularity, charm, richness and rank’, she had many love affairs, with Goya among others. When Goya painted the duke, the latter had just returned from England. Maybe this fact prompted the artist to execute an English-style portrait. Much attention is paid to the objects decorating the room to define the character and tastes of the duke, an educated reserved man, passionate collector and a music lover. Goya painted the duchess on many occasions, there are also pencil drawings of her.
See: Francisco de Goya. Duke of Alba. Portrait of the Duchess of Alba. Portrait of the Duchess of Alba.