Marcel Duchamp was born on 28 July 1887, in Blainville, near Rouen, France, into the family of a well to-do-notary. Both parents respected and encouraged cultural activities; four of their children became artists - Raymond Duchamp-Villon (1876-1918), sculptor, Suzanne Duchamp, poetess and artist, better known under the name of Crotti, Marcel Duchamp himself, and the half brother of the three, Gaston, painter, who is known as Jacques Villon. In 1904, Marcel came to Paris to join his two elder brothers, who had given up law and medicine in favor of artistic careers. Marcel entered the Académie Julian, but did not attend classes much. Between 1906 and 1910 Duchamp hesitated between different styles, the most influential on him were Fauvism..
1916. Readymade: Ball of string between two brass plates held together by four screws. 12.9 x 13 x 11.4 cm. The Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
. Oil and semicircular glass, lead, lead wire. 147 x 79 cm. The Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
1919. from Box in a Valise. Readymade: pencil on a reproduction of the Mona Lisa. 19.7 x 12.4 cm. The Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
1917/1964. Readymade: porcelain urinal. 23.5 x 18 cm, hight 60 cm. Private collection.
1920. Miniature window: wood painted blue and eight rectangles of polished leather. 77.5 x 45 cm on a wooden board, 1.9 x 63.3 x 10.2 cm. The Museum of Modern Arts, New York, NY, USA.
1920. Five painted glass plates that rotate around a metal axis and appear to be a single circle when viewed at a distance of one meter. 120.6 x 184.1 cm and glass plate of 99 x 14 cm. Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, CT, USA.
1921. Miniature window: oil on wood and glass. 62.8 x 28.7x6.3 cm. Staatsgalerie, Stuttgart, Germany.
1921/64. Readymade: 152 marble cubes in the form of sugar cubes with thermometer and cuttlefishbone in a birdcage. 12.4 x 22.2 x 16.2 cm. Private collection.
1958. Torn colored paper on black background. 14.3 x 12.5 cm. Private collection.
. Oil on canvas. 89.5 x 55.25 cm. The Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
1902. Oil on canvas. 61 x 50 cm. Private collection.
1910-11. Oil on canvas. 114.5 x 128.5 cm. The Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
1910. Oil on canvas. 100 x 65 cm. The Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
1911. Oil on canvas. 145 x 113 cm. The Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
1911. Oil on canvas. 146 x 114 cm. The Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
1911-12. Oil on canvas. 61 x 43.5 cm. Private collection.
1912. Oil on canvas 147.5 x 89 cm. The Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
1912. Canvas 59 x 53.5 cm. The Museum of Modern Arts, New York, NY, USA.
1914-15. 64 x 102 cm. Oil, lead wire, lead foil on glass between two glass plates. Private collection.
1914. Oil and thread on canvas. 65 x 54 cm. The Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
Robert Lebel sur Marcel Duchamp. Trianon Press. 1959.
Marcel Duchamp. By A. Schwarz. Paris. 1974.
Duchamp ou le Grand Fictif. By L.Clair. Paris. 1975.
Joseph Cornell/Marcel Duchamp...Resonance by Susan Davidson, Anne D'Harnoncourt (Introduction), Lynda Roscoe Hartigan, Ann Temkin, Walter Hopps, Ecke Bonk, Joseph Cornell, Marcel Duchamp. Hatje Cantz Publishers, 1999.
The Bride and the Bachelors: The Heretical Courtship in Modern Art by Calvin Tomkins. Penguin USA, 1976.
Dialogues With Marcel Duchamp by Pierre Cabanne, Marcel Duchamp, Robert Motherwell (Designer). DaCapo Press, 1988.
Marcel Duchamp: The Art of Making Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction by Francis M. Naumann, Marcel Duchamp. Harry N Abrams, 1999.
Affectionately, Marcel: The Selected Correspondence of Marcel Duchamp by Marcel Duchamp, Francis M. Naumann (Editor), Hector Obalk (Editor), Jill Taylor (Translator). Ludion, 2000.
Marcel Duchamp by Dawn Ades, Neil Cox (Contributor), David Hopkins, Marcel Duchamp, Da Ades. Thames & Hudson, 1999.
Kant after Duchamp (October Books) by Thierry De Duve. MIT Press, 1998.
Infinite Regress: Marcel Duchamp 1910-1941 (October Books) by David Joselit. MIT Press, 2001.
The Private Worlds of Marcel Duchamp: Desire, Liberation, and the Self in Modern Culture by Jerrold Seigel. University of California Press, 1997.
Duchamp: Great Modern Masters (Great Modern Masters Series) by Marcel Duchamp, Alberto Curotto (Translator), Jose Maria Faerna (Editor). Abradale Press, 1996.
The Complete Works of Marcel Duchamp (2 Volumes in 1) by Arturo Schwarz. Delano Greenidge Editions, 2001.
Marcel Duchamp: The Bachelor Stripped Bare: A Biography by Alice Goldfarb Marquis. MFA Publications, 2002.