1824. Oil on canvas. Louvre, Paris, France. Read Note.
The Massacre of Chios. Greece had been under Turkish occupation since the 15th century. The national liberation movement of the Greek people against the Turkish oppression started at the beginning of the 19th century. In 1821 a big uprising took place in different parts of Greece. The Turkish government in return took severe measures against the revolting Greeks, it organized Greek pogroms all over the country. In a massacre on the island of Chios, 98,000 Greeks were killed or sold into slavery. Only 2,000 people remained.
Greece on the Ruins of Missolonghi. Missolonghi was a small but strategically important city in Greece, captured by the rebelling Greeks. Unable to suppress the uprising all over the country the Turkish government asked the Egyptian army for help. The Egyptian commander Ibraghim-Pasha (son of the ruler of Egypt) besieged Missolonghi in May 1825. The city managed to resist the onslaught for almost a year. Only in April 1826, did the Turkish and Egyptian troops conquer it. All surviving defenders were executed.
See: Eugène Delacroix. The Massacre of Chios. Greece on the Ruins of Missolonghi.