Jean (Hans) Arp, born in Alsace, is associated with several art movements of the twentieth century. In 1911 he was influenced by the abstractions of Wassily Kandinsky (1866-1944) and participated in his Der Blaue Reiter exhibitions in Munich; later Cubism greatly impressed him. Then he was interested by the idea of spontaneous creativity of the human subconscious mind and this idea became dominant in his art. He created collages with torn paper, letting the pieces fall freely on a surface and then gluing them to the places where they fell down. (Before my Birth.) He also tried automatism (involuntary or unconscious action) in writing his poems.
1933. Stone. 22x31 7/8 x 21 1/4". Kunsthaus, Zurich, Switzerland.
1935. Cast Stone. 49.5 x 47.6 x 64.7 cm. The Museum of Modern Arts, New York, NY, USA.
c.1962. Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, UK.
1937. Bronze. 37 x 20 x 21 cm. Le Musée d'Art Moderne de Saint-Étienne, France.
1914. Collage. 4 3/8 x 3 5/8". Private collection.
Arp by Serge Fauchereau, Rizzoli. 1988
Jean Arp at the Metropolitan Museum of Art by Henry Gelzaher. Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1972
Hans Arp: the Poet of Dadaism by Rex William Last.
Hans Arp 1886-1966 by Hancock (Author), Stephanie Poley (Author) Publisher: Cambridge University Press; (September 1987)
The Early Sculpture of Jean Arp (Studies in the Fine Arts: the Avant Grade, No 65) by Margherita Andreotti. Umi Research Pr, 1989.
Arp by Serge Fauchereau. St Martins Pr, 1988.
German Dadaist literature: Kurt Schwitters, Hugo Ball, Hans Arp, (Twayne's world authors series, TWAS 272. German literature) by Rex William Last. Twayne Publishers, 1973.
Arp (Museum of Modern Art Publications in Reprint) by Museum of Modern Art, James T. Soby, Jean Hans Arp, Richard Huelsenbeck, Robert Melville. Ayer Company Publishers, 1986.