1872. Oil on canvas. Glasgow Museums and Art Galleries, Glasgow, UK. Read Note.
Thomas Carlyle (1795-1881) is a Scottish historian, essayist and intellectual, born in Ecclefechan in Dumfriesshire. He was educated at Ecclefechan village school, Annan Academy and Edinburgh University, where he studied arts and mathematics. After graduating in 1813 he worked as a teacher. In 1818, Carlyle returned to Edinburgh and engaged himself with private tutoring and translations of different authors from German and French. In 1826, he married Jane Baillie Welsh and started to write articles and essays for the Edinburgh Review. In 1834, the Carlyles moved to London, where Thomas spent the rest of his life. Here he completed The French Revolution (1837), On Heroes, Hero Worship and the Heroic in History (1841), Past and Present (1843), a six-volume History of … Frederick the Great (1858-65), The Early Kings of Norway (1875) et al. In 1866 he was installed as lord rector of Edinburgh University. He was buried at his own wish in Ecclefechan