The Duchess de Polignac.
1783. Oil on canvas. 98.5 x 71 cm. The National Trust Waddesdon Manor, Aylesbury, UK. More. [Order a Print][Order a Hand-Painted Reproduction]
Yolande Martine Gabrielle de Polastron, Countess and then Duchess de Polignac
(1749-1793), was the closest friend and confidant of the Queen Marie Antoinette. In 1767 she married Count Jules de Polignac who was raised to the Duke de Polignac in 1780. She was never faithful to her husband. She received many favors for her and her family. The queen appointed her the Governess of the Queen's children. The charming, ambitious, lecherous and unscrupulous duchess contributed to the Queen's unpopularity. She left Paris when the French Revolution started. She died in Vienna on 1793. Her husband died in St. Petersburg, Russia, in 1817