Alexey Vasilyevich Tyranov, one of the best pupils of Alexey Venetsianov, was born into the family of a petty bourgeois. When a teenager, he painted icons. In 1824, Venetsianov saw his works and invited the youth to his School. His works Self-Portrait (1825), Weavers (1826), View on the River Tosna (1827), are painted in Venetsianov’s style, they are full of serenity and peace. Venetsianov managed to make Tyranov a free student of the Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg, organized for him admission in the Hermitage with a right to work there. For his pictures View of Hermitage Library (1826) and View of the Big Church of the Winter Palace (1829), painted on the basis of Venetsianov’s methods, Tyranov got a Minor and Major Gold Medals of the Academy. He became popular. In 1832, the Academy of Arts awarded him the title of a freelance painter. In the 1830s-40s, Tyranov was the most popular portrait-painter in St. Petersburg, his popularity could be compared only to that of Karl Brulloff. In 1836, Tyranov became a disciple of Brulloff and started to imitate his style.
In 1839-43, Tyranov, as a pensioner of the Academy, worked in Italy, where he fell in love with one of his models. He brought her to St. Petersburg. This passion ruined him. In a year, robbed and abandoned by his ‘goddess’, he found himself in a hospital. He could never recover physically and morally from that stress. His latest works Italian Woman (1851), Fight for Soul are lifeless and academic. Very sick he died in 1859.
Painters of Venetzianov’s School by T. Alexeeva. Moscow. Iskusstvo. 1982.