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Dutch painter was born in 1617 in Zwolle into the family of an artist,
Gerard Terborch the Elder, who became his first mentor. Then, in 1634,
Gerard was apprenticed to Pieter de Molyn in Haarlem, where he also experienced
the influence of Frans Hals. He became
a member of the Haarlem St. Lukas Guild in 1635 and soon started off on
his 5-years travels, visiting England, Italy and France. In 1635, in London,
he probably got acquainted with portraits by Van
Dyck; in 1640-41 he visited Italy and Spain, where he was admitted
by court and painted King Philip IV. In Spain Velazquez's
work made a deep impression on him. In 1646-48, Terborch visited Münster
(Westphalia), where he painted “The Treaty of Westphalia” (Peace Treaty
of Münster), now in the National Gallery, London, which marked the
end of the Thirty Years’ War. The composition of 80 figures combines the
features of portrait and historical painting.
Gerard Terborch belongs to the few Dutch painters of the European school.
He painted genre pictures and portraits, which he dated very seldom. In
his early period (1630s-50s) he often depicted the scenes of everyday life
of soldiers and entertainers: examples. The picture The
Knifegrinder's Family belongs to the same period, it shows
the miserable life of an artisan and is the only painting of such character
in all his work.
In 1654 the painter settled at Deventer. The characters of Terborch works
changed, the life of the rich families became his main subject. His pictures
are elegant and marked with restraint lyricism, which sign off his work
among other Dutch genre painters. The masterpieces of Terborch of
Fatherly Admonition, The Concert,
Glass of Lemonade, and others.
The artist died in 1681 at Deventer.
Holland Genre Painting. XVII century. by E. Fehner. Moscow.
Izobrazitelnoe Iskusstvo. 1979.
Painting of Western Europe. XVII century. by E. Rotenberg. Moscow.
Painting of Europe. XIII-XX centuries. Encyclopedic Dictionary.
Moscow. Iskusstvo. 1999.