Sisley was born in Paris on 30th October 1839 into the family of a well-to-do
English businessman William Sisley (1799-1879),
see his portrait by Renoir.
Between 1857 and 1861 he lived in London, preparing for a career in commerce.
In 1862, having decided to become a painter, he entered the Atelier Gleyre
in Paris and there met Monet,
and Bazille. The friends often
worked together in the open air in the Forest of Fontainebleau, in the
suburbs of Paris.
Sisley first sent his paintings to the Paris Salon in 1866 and subsequently
exhibited there in 1868 and 1870. During Franco-Prussian War Sisley lost
all his possessions when the Prussian army overran the family’s estate
in Bougival, west of Paris. After the war his father was ruined, so the
artist was left in desperate poverty for many years. Until 1880, he lived
and worked in the countryside west of Paris, around Marly and Louveciennes,
especially at Villeneuve-la-Garenne, Bougival and Port-Marly. The flood
of 1876 at Port-Marly became the subject of a large series of his landscapes:
at Port-Marly (1876), Boat in
the Flood at Port-Marly (1876), Flood
at Port-Marly (1876). From 1880, onwards he painted almost
exclusively landscapes depicting the banks of the Seine and the Loing at
Saint-Mammès and Sablon and Moret-sur-Loing, the town where he lived
from 1889 until his death. The Canal du Loing
at St. Mammes (1885). Matrat's
Boatyard, Moret-sur-Loing (1883), Moret-sur-Loing
Courtyard of Farm at St. Mammes
Sisley did not live to see his talent recognized. He had contributed to
the Impressionist exhibitions of 1874, 1876, 1877 and 1882, and also exhibited
at the Durand-Ruel galleries in Paris and New York. Every year, starting
from 1892, his paintings were on show at the Salon de la Société
Nationale des Beaux-Arts; several of his works were displayed by Georges
Petit at international exhibitions. All this, however, brought him neither
fame nor financial security. The failure of his retrospective exhibition
at Georges Petit’s in 1897, to which he had been looking forward and for
which he had selected his best pictures, was an especially hard blow to
the artist. Backed by one of his patrons, Francois Depeau, a Rouen manufacturer,
Sisley left for the south of England. From May to October 1897 he stayed
at Penarth, a seaside resort near Cardiff, and painted views of rocky seashores:
Channel from Penarth, Evening. (1897). The same year he married
Marie Louise Adélaïde Eugéne Lescouezec (1834-1898),
who gave birth to his two children: son Pierre (1867) and daughter Jeanne
(1869). On January 29, 1899 the artist died in his home in Moret.
Painters of Montmartre by Illana Soldea. Bucharest. 1986.
Painting of Europe. XIII-XX centuries. Encyclopedic Dictionary.
Moscow. Iskusstvo. 1999.
by Richard Shone, Alfred Sisley. Phaidon Press Inc., 1999.
Sisley by Mary Anne Stevens (Editor). Yale Univ Pr, 1992.