de Rivera was born in Játiba, near Valencia, where he was probably
trained by Francisco Ribalta (1565-1628). In 1612-1613, Rivera left for
Italy, where he led the life of a half-beggar, constantly traveling throughout
the country. During his travels to Parma, Padua and Rome, Rivera became
acquainted with the works of Raphael,
In 1616, he settled in Naples, then owned by Spain, and developed a style,
which owed much to Caravaggio
In Naples, Ribera became a painter to the Spanish Viceroy and later to
his successor, the Duke of Monterrey, who procured commissions from the
Augustine monastery in Salamanca (Nativity, Pietà, The Virgin
with Saints Anthony and Augustine. 1631-1635).
He subsequently abandoned the dark and somber style, finding new ways of
treating light and using brilliant colors. His Boy
with a Clubfoot is typical of his more mature style, both thematically
and in terms of pictorial composition. During this period of realism he
had a leaning towards harrowing subjects, the crippled and malformed.
Ribera spawned a school of his own. Italian, Spanish and Flemish painters
were engaged in his workshop, and while Rivera was of particular importance
to Neapolitan art, great painters, such as Rembrandt
and Velásquez, also
found him an inspiration.
Died in Naples in 1652.
Jusepe Ribera. by T. Znamerovskaya. Moscow. 1981.
Painting of Europe. XIII-XX centuries. Encyclopedic Dictionary.
Moscow. Iskusstvo. 1999.
Jusepe De Ribera: 1591-1652 by Michael Scholz-Hansel. Konemann,2001.
de Ribera 1591-1652 by Alfonso E. Perez Sanchez. Yale Univ
De Ribera by Michael Scholz Hansel. Konemann, 2001.