Ivan IV The Terrible (Ioann, Joan)
(1530-84) Great Duke of Moscow and All Russia from 1533, the first Russian Tzar from 1547 and until his death. His politics led to the territorial expansion of Russia, consolidation of central power, structural reorganization of the institutions of power; increase of political and trade relations with England and the Netherlands in Europe, with Kabarda and Kakhetya in the Caucasus and Bukhara in the East. At the same time the strengthening and toughening of the serfdom led to future economical failure in Russia. He was a quick-tempered, irascible person, very hard to deal with. His elder son Ivan Ivanovich (1554-1581), the heir, a strong person and supporter of his father, did not always agree with him. During one of their hot disputes, Tzar Ivan struck his son with his heavy staff. The blow landed on the temple and the tzarevich died. Repin managed to show the tragedy of a man and a father. Victor Vasnetsov. Tsar Ivan IV the Terrible.