1879. Oil on canvas. The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia. Read Note.
Sophia Alexeevna Romanova (1657-1704), daughter of Tzar Alexey Mikhailovich (1629-1676), sister of Ioann V Alexeevich and step-sister of Peter I the Great. As a guardian of two young tzars (Ioann V and Peter I) she was a governor of Russia in 1682-89. In a bid to become sole ruler, she plotted against Peter I. As a result, he overthrew her and put her into the Novodevichy convent. Her supporters were executed