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(1862 – 1926)
Theo Van Rysselberghe
Théo van Rysselberghe, Belgian painter, was born in Ghent in 1862.
He studied art at the Academies in Ghent and Brussels, and in 1881 exhibited
for the first time at the Salon in Brussels. After the success of the French
Impressionists exhibition in Brussels in early 1880s, Théo van Rysselberghe
began to explore their technique. In 1883 he became a co-founder of the
avant-garde group of Brussels intellectuals ‘Les-Vingt’. In 1886
the painter traveled with the poet Emile Verhaeren to Paris, where he met
Georges Seurat (1859-1891) and
admired his painting ‘A Sunday Afternoon at the Island of Grande
Jatte’. After the contacts with Neo-Impressionists in Paris Théo
van Rysselberghe turned to Pointillism himself, becoming the main
exponent of the style in Belgium. In the late 1880s- early 1890s the painter
traveled in Spain, North Africa, the Middle East and Europe. From 1897
he lived in Paris.
After the death of Georges Seurat, Théo van Rysselberghe gradually
abandoned the Pointillist technique. Despite their friendship Paul
Signac often criticized him, thinking that Théo did it only
for commercial success. We think that Impressionist style of brushwork
gives more opportunities to a painter and van Rysselberghe’s switch from
Pointillism was to broaden his methods of expressing himself.
Théo van Rysselberghe died in 1926 in St. Clair.
Henri Perruchot. La vie de Seurat. Hachette. 1966
Impressionist Art. 1860-1920. Edited by Ingo F. Walther. Benedikt
Taschen Verlag GmbH. 1997
Painting of Europe. XIII-XX centuries. Encyclopedic Dictionary.
Painters: A Sourcebook on Georges Seurat, Camille Pissarro, Paul Signac,
Theo Van Rysselberghe, Henri Edmond Cross, Charles Angrand
by Russell T. Clement, Annick Houze. Greenwood Publishing Group, 1999.
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