1892. Oil on canvas. 120 x 90 cm. Museum of Modern Art, Stockholm, Sweden. Read Note.
August Strindberg (1849-1912), full name Johan August Strindberg, was an influential Swedish writer, novelist and playwright of the late 19th Century, and probably the best-known Scandinavian playwright after the Norwegian Henrik Ibsen. Moving away from the Romantic tradition of the mid-19th Century, his plays focused on the lives of regular people and their everyday problems. The playwright was plagued throughout his life by relationship problems: he was married thrice and all the marriages ended in scandalous divorces, and much of his work focuses on relationships and struggle between the sexes.
As a consequence of his constant self-analysis, Strindberg had a fine understanding of the human psyche and this imbued his writings with a sensitivity and finesse that was found very attractive by his contemporaries. The playwright progressed from Naturalism to Symbolism and later Expressionism, the dominant theatrical movement of the early 20th Century, making him one of the founding fathers of modern theater.
Some of his best-known works include: Mater Olof (an 1872 play) The Red Room (1879 novel), Miss Julie (1888 play), Inferno (1897 novel), The Dance of Death (1900 play), A Dream Play (1902 play) and The Pelican (1907 play).
See also: Edvard Munch. August Strindberg.