Raleigh, Sir Walter
(1552-1618) English courtier, navigator and poet. Volunteered in the Huguenot course in France, and fought at Jarnac and Moncontour. In 1578, he joined a piratical expedition against the Spaniards; in 1580 he went to Ireland, where he suppressed the rising of the Desmonds in Ulster with ruthless savagery. He became a favorite of Queen Elizabeth.
Later suffered imprisonment, marriage to a beloved woman, voyages to Trinidad and Orinoco, was a governor of Jersey, was accused of treason, was sentenced to death, but instead was sent on an expedition to Orinoco, which was a failure. On his return to London was beheaded. Only fragments of his poetry survived