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(1702 - 1739)
Andrey Matveev's gift for painting
was first noted by Peter the Great and in 1716
he was sent to Holland and Flanders to study art. He spent 11 years there
and was the first Russian painter educated exclusively in Europe. On his
return to Russia, he became the leading painter of St. Petersburg and took
part in all important architectural projects. It is believed that hard
work was the reason for his early death in 1739, at the age of 37.
Only several of his works
survived and the most notable are Allegory
of Painting (1725), Self Portrait
with Wife (1729), Portrait of
the Princess A. P. Golitzina (1728), Portrait
of the Physician Ioann Azaretti (1728-1729). Also the wall
paintings in several historical buildings in St. Petersburg are attributed
Russian Art of Peter I the Great Period. Leningrad. 1990.