1862-1863. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France. Read Note.
Meurent, Victorine Louise (1844-1885) was Manet's favorite model in the 1860s, posing for such important works as The Picnic on the Grass and Olympia. In the 1860s, she left France abruptly to travel to the United States for unknown reasons, returning to France in the early 1870s, and to serve as Manet's model, e.g. in The Railway. She became a painter herself, exhibiting a self-portrait at the 1876 Salon when Manet's submission was rejected, and in the 1879 Salon her entry was in the same room as Manet's. (The Street Singer). She probably died an alcoholic, in poverty.
See: Edouard Manet. Mlle Victorine Meurent in the Costume of an Espada. Portrait of Victorine Meurent. The Picnic ("Le Déjeuner sur l'Herbe"). Olympia. The Railway.