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Fomich Khrutsky was born into a family of Polish gentry in the village
of Ulka, Vitebsk region. Little is known about his youth. In 1827, Khrutsky
came to St. Petersburg and in 1830 entered the Academy of Arts. The first
known works are dated 1832. The composition of the works is very simple,
but the artist is very precise with details. Already in the late 1830s
his compositions become more and more complicated. The abundance of items
painted with thoroughness and care roused admiration both in the public
and the critics. The artist became very fashionable, everyone wanted his
still-lifes to decorate their houses.
In 1836, Khrutsky was awarded the Major Silver medal of the Academy for
his still-lifes. Though his still-lifes were of abundant success and the
artist carried them out in dozens to secure his financial situation, he
never dropped landscape painting and also executed nice genre pictures
and portraits. Old Woman Knitting a Sock, brought him the
Minor Gold medal of the Academy. In 1839 he was awarded the title of the
After his fatherís death in 1840 Khrutsky left St. Petersburg forever and
settled in the family estate Zakharevichi, Polotsk region. He did not drop
painting, but completely changed the subjects; from now on he mostly executed
commissions from Uniate churches and cathedrals of Vilnus, Kaunas and other
cities of Lithuania. Besides religious paintings he also worked on portraits,
such as I. I. Glazunov, Joseph
Semashko (Metropolitan of Uniate Church), Mikolay Malynovsky and others.
On the whole, Khrutsky is a little bit stiff and too naturalistic in portraiture,
nevertheless there are some really good works. In the history of the Russian
art he entered as the author of impressive still-lifes, maybe because they
were executed for the mass market in accordance with the tastes of the
public and nowadays practically every art museum has a sample. Itís a pity
that his other works are difficult to find.
De líhistoire du realisme dans la peinture russe. Moscow. 1982.