Antonello da Messina was trained in the cosmopolitan environment of Naples of the 1450s, where, which is more probable, he encountered Flemish art. From his earliest work, Antonello combined Flemish attention to detail with an Italian sense of geometric space.
The high point of his career was his stay in Venice between 1474-76, where he introduced Netherlandish painting and produced works of enormous power, such as his extraordinary St. Sebastian. Antonello was one of the best portrait painters of the 15th century. His sitters are turned three-quarters on, and their faces wear vivid psychological expressions.
Antonello da Messina. Old Italian Masters. by V. Lazarev. Moscow. 1972. (in Russian)
The Rescued Masterpieces. Publishing House The Soviet Painter. Moscow. 1977. (In Russian)
Antonello da Messina and his Portraits. by V.N. Graszhenko. Moscow. 1981. (in Russian)
Monumental Painting of Italian Renaissance. by I. Smirnova. Moscow. 1987. (in Russian)
The Art of the Italian Renaissance. Architecture. Sculpture. Painting. Drawing. Könemann. 1995.
Italian Painting. Artists and Their Masterpieces Throughout the Ages. Könemann Verlagsgesellschaft.1998.
The Lives of the Artists by Giorgio Vasari. Peter Smith Publisher, 1993.
Painting of Europe. XIII-XX centuries. Encyclopedic Dictionary. Moscow. Iskusstvo. 1999.
Antonello da Messina : Sicily's Renaissance Master by Gioacchino Barbera. Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2006.