1827. Oil on canvas. Louvre, Paris, France. Read Note.
Apotheosis of Homer is a big canvas with 46 figures of poets, musicians, artists, philosophers, statesmen, among them Horace, Pisistratus, Lycurgus, Virgil, Raphael, Sappho, Alcibiades, Apelles, Euripides, Menander, Demosthenes, Sophocles, Exchyle, Herodotus, Orpheus, Pindar, Hesiod, Plato, Socrates, Pericles, Phidias, Michelangelo, Aristotle, Aristarchus, Alexander the Great, Dante, Odysseus, Aesop, Shakespeare, La Fontaine, Mozart, etc.
Pierre Corneille (1606-1684) French dramatist, born in Rouen. In 1629 he moved to Paris, where his comedy Mélite. already performed at Rouen, proved highly successful. He wrote 33 plays in every dramatic genre of his time, but is best known as the creator of French classical tragedy. the best known are Médee (1635), Le Cid (1637), Horace (1640), Cinna (1641) and others.
Molière, stage name of Jean Baptiste Poquelin (1622-1673), French comic playwright and actor. He is considered to be the creator of French classical comedy; wrote more than 30 comedies, the best known are Le Tartuffe (1664), Don Juan (1665), Le Misanthrope (1666) and others.
Boileau, Nicolas (1636-1711) French poet and critic. His first publications (1660-1666) were satires. In 1677 the king appointed him, along with Racine, official royal historian. His works include several critical dissertations, especially L’Art poétique (1674), a collection of epigrams, and a series of letters (many to Racine). His influence as a critic was profound.
Racine, Jean (1639-1699), French tragic dramatist and poet, official royal historian. His tragedies derived from classical Greek and Roman literature and history (Andromaque, Iphigénie, Phèdre, Britannicus, etc.), Bible (Esther), and from Turkish history (Bajazet). In France Racine is regarded as greatest of all tragic playwrights