c 1790-1800. Oil on canvas, 113 x 83.2 cm. The Frick Collection, New York, USA. Read Note.
Don Pedro de Alcàntara, ninth Duke of Osuna, was one of Goya’s main patrons. An educated man, interested in scientific and cultural innovations, the duke is the embodiment of the late eighteenth century illuminated aristocrat, who tried to modernize Spanish society. In 1771 he married Maria Josefa Alonso Pimentel, Countess of Benavente, and they had many children. The duchess, a woman of keen intelligence also played an important role in Spanish society and did great charitable works.
See: Francisco de Goya. The Family of the Duke of Osuna.