Thomas Gainsborough is an English landscape and portrait painter, one of the great English masters. He was born in Sudbury, Suffolk in the family of a clothier. He showed an aptitude for drawing early and first was encouraged by his mother, who was a woman of well-cultivated mind and excelled in flower-painting. He used to spend a lot of time outdoors, drawing. In 1740, at the age of 13 he was sent to London to study art. He spent several years working in the studios of different artists, one of whom was Hubert Gravelot, a draughtsman and engraver, another one was a scene-painter and illustrator Francis Hayman.
In 1748 Gainsborough presented The Charterhouse(1748) to the Foundling Hospital, it was a way for the artist to show one of his works, because at that time there were no other possibilities for young artists. In 1746 Gainsborough married Margaret Burr, an illegitimate daughter of Duke of Beaufort. His wife brought the family an annuity of £200, which enabled him to start his career as a portrait-painter in Ipswich.
1751-52. Oil on canvas. Marquis of Cholmondeley, Houghton, UK.
c.1758. Oil on canvas. Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemaldegalerie, Berlin, Germany. Read Note.
c.1760. Oil on canvas. Neue Pinakothek, Munich, Germany. Read Note.
1760. Oil on canvas. Art Museum, Cincinnati, USA. Read Note.
1760-1765. Oil on canvas. Louvre, Paris, France.
1763-64. Oil on canvas. Iveagh Bequest, Kenwood, UK. Read Note.
1766. Oil on canvas. National Gallery of Ireland, Dublin, Ireland. Read Note.
1772. Oil on canvas. Dulwich Picture Gallery, London, UK. Read Note.
Exhibited R.A. 1777. . National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh, UK. Read Note.
1777. Oil on canvas. Royal Collection, UK. Read Note.
1778. Oil on canvas. The Frick Collection, New York, USA. Read Note.
1778. Oil on canvas. Holburne Museum and Crafts Centre, Bath, UK. Read Note.
Exhibited R.A. 1780. Oil on canvas. Buchingham Palace, London, UK. Read Note.
1781. Oil on canvas. Royal Collection, UK. Read Note.
1782. Oil on canvas. National Trust, Waddesdon Manor, UK. Read Note.
1783. Oil on canvas. Neue Pinakothek, Munich, Germany.
1785. Oil on canvas. National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA. Read Note.
1785. Oil on canvas. National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA.
1787. Oil on canvas. Needwood House, Lord Burton (on loan to Marlborough House), UK.
Exhibited S.A. 1767. Oil on canvas. Barber Institute of Fine Arts, Birmingham, UK.
Gainsborough: Paintings and Drawings. by J. Hayes. London. 1975.
Thomas Gainsborough. By Ye. Nekrasova. M. 1990.
Painting of Europe. XIII-XX centuries. Encyclopedic Dictionary. Moscow. Iskusstvo. 1999.
Gainsborough (World of Art) by William Vaughan, Michael J. Lewis. Thames & Hudson, 2002.
Gainsborough: The Painter in Modern Culture by Michael Rosenthal, Martin Myrone. Tate Gallery Publishing Ltd, 2002.
The Letters of Thomas Gainsborough by John Hayes. Paul Mellon Center, 2001.
Drawings of Thomas Gainsborough by John Hayes. Yale Univ Pr, 1971.
Sensation and Sensibility: Viewing Gainsborough's "Cottage Door" by Ann Bermingham. Yale University Press, 2005.
Gainsborough in Bath by Susan Sloman. Paul Mellon Center, 2002.
Gainsborough And His Place In English Art by Walter Armstrong. Kessinger Publishing, 2004.