Comtesse Vilain XIIII
(1780-1853), wife of Philippe Vilain XIIII, who was ennobled by Napoleon in 1811. She was lady-in-waiting to the Empress Marie-Louise. After the fall of Napoleon she had to escape to Brussels, where David, also in exile, fulfilled the portrait. In the portrait the Comtesse is with her five-year-old daughter, Louise.
See: Jacques-Louis David. Portrait of the Countess Vilain XIIII and Her Daughter.
. by Simon Lee. Phaidon. 1999