Leonidas at Thermopylae
. Leonidas, Sparta’s King in 480-488 B.C., was the leader of the allied Greek troops in the Battle at Thermopylae against the Persians. After the positions of the Greeks were turned, Leonidas ordered his troops to withdraw, while he himself with 300 Spartans stayed to defend the narrow Thermopylae Pass to give the Greeks time. The heroic death of the Spartan detachment was glorified in poetry and art.
See: Jacques-Louis David. Leonidas at Thermopylae.
Bibliography: Lexikon der Antike
. VEB Bibliographisches Institut Leipzig. 1987