Giorgio de Chirico was born in Greece into the family of an Italian railroad engineer and later studied in Athens, Florence and Munich, where he was much influenced by Nietzsche's philosophy and Arnold Böcklin's Symbolist art. In 1910, de Chirico moved to Paris where he made contact with Picasso and befriended Guillaume Apollinaire (1880-1918), French poet and leader of the avant-gardistic movement rejecting poetic traditions in outlook, rhythm, and language
1911. Oil on canvas. Private collection.
1913. Oil on canvas. The Museum of Modern Arts, New York, NY, USA.
1913. Oil on canvas. Private collection. Read Note.
1913. Oil on canvas. 123.5 x 52.5 cm. Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Düsseldorf, Germany.
1913. Oil on canvas. 63 x 152 cm. Saint Louis Art Museum, St. Louis, MO, USA.
1913. Oil on canvas. The Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
1913. Oil on canvas. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada.
1913. Oil on canvas. 106 x 94 cm. Tate Gallery, London, UK.
1914. Oil on canvas. 73 x 59.1 cm. The Museum of Modern Arts, New York, NY, USA.
1914. Oil on canvas. 81.5 x 65 cm. Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France. Read Note.
1914. Oil on canvas. 124 x 99.5 cm. Private collection.
1914. Oil on canvas. 85 x 69 cm. Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY, USA.
1914. Oil on canvas. 88 x 72 cm. Private collection.
1915. Oil on canvas. 81.9 x 59 cm. The Museum of Modern Arts, New York, NY, USA.
1917. Oil on canvas. Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna, Rome, Italy. Read Note.
1918. Oil on canvas. Private collection.
1922. Oil on canvas. Museo d'Arte Contemporanea, Milan, Italy.
Chambers Biographical Dictionary. Chambers. 1996.
Painting of Europe. XIII-XX centuries. Encyclopedic Dictionary. Iskusstvo. 1999.
Modern Art. By Sam Hunter et al. Harry N.Abrams, Inc. 2000
The Memoirs of Giorgio De Chirico by Giorgio De Chirico, Margaret Crosland (Designer). DaCapo Press, 1994.
Giorgio De Chirico: The Endless Voyage (Pegasus) by Wieland Schmied. Prestel USA, 2002.
Giorgio De Chirico and America by Emily Braun (Editor), Giorgio De Chirico. Umberto Allemandi, 1997.
De Chirico and the Mediterranean by Giorgio De Chirico (Illustrator), Jole De Sanna (Editor), Carlo Teha. Rizzoli International Publications, 1998.
Enigma of Giorgio de Chirico by Margaret Crosland. Dufour Editions, 2000.
De Chirico: The Metaphysical Period, 1888-1919 by Paolo Baldacci, Jeffrey Jennings (Translator), Giorgio De Chirico. Bulfinch Press;, 1998.