1824. Oil on canvas. The Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia. Read Note.
Death of Camilla, Sister of Horatio. The episode from the early history of Rome, described by Livy. A quarrel between Rome and Alba was going to lead to war. And it was agreed between the two people to settle the issue by combat between three representatives from each side. Three brothers, the Horatii, were to fight on the Roman side and three other brothers, the Curatii, were to fight on the side of Alba. At the end of the battle only one Horatius survived, and Rome was declared the victor. But Horacius discovered that his sister had been betrothed to one of Curatii, and he slew her. He was tried, found guilty, but reprieved after an appeal by his father.